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Extended abstracts should be written in the language of the paper to be presented and these languages could include English, Azerbaijan Turkish and Turkish. Extended abstracts should encompass the following sub-titles:

  • Abstract and Keywords: Abstract should encompass 3-6 sentences comprising the subject, research question, goal, conceptual-theoretical framework, methodology, data sources and major findings of the study. Abstracts ought to include a maximum of 5 keywords.
  • Introduction and Research Question: This section should include the major research question/s and the explanation on the importance of the study in a clear manner.
  • Contextual/Conceptual Framework: In this section a literature review should be written, previous studies in related subject area should be summarized and expected contribution of the current study should be clearly stated. Introduce study concept, major theoretical and empirical gap and contribution by this study, importance and implications for practice.
  • Methodology: Clear and concise elaboration of the method applied and the steps taken to ensure the reliability and validity of used methodology. Explain the sample and target population with justifications.
  • Findings and Discussion:In this section findings of the research should be discussed in relation with the conceptual/contextual framework. The discussion should encompass the similarities/differences with the previous research. If the final findings of the research is incomplete at the date of submission, expected findings should be discussed.
  • Results and Recommendations: Clear and comprehensive presentation of results in view of proposed hypotheses for researchers and/or practitioners.
  • References: Should be written in accordance with APA style.


  • Extended abstracts should be a shorter version of the full texts and should contain max. 1000 words.
  • Body Text: The body of the article should be typed on A4 (29/7x21cm) paper on MS Word in Size 12 Times New Roman, using 1 line spacing, 6 pt space after paragraph and fully justified. Margins of 3 cm should be left on all sides and the pages should be numbered on the bottom and centered.
  • Title of the article: Times New Roman 16 point size, fully capitalized, bold and centred.
  • Name(s) and address(es) of the author(s): The name(s) and surname(s) of the author(s) should be written below the main title in Times New Roman 12 pts, as centered, first letter capitalized and bold characters. Titles, institution(s) the author(s) is/are affiliated with, their contact and e-mail addresses should be written as footnotes and Times New Roman 10 pts.
  • Section Titles: The article may contain main and sub-titles to enable a smoother flow of information. The main titles (abstract, introduction, main sections, bibliography and appedices) should be fully capitalized while the sub-titles and keywords should have only their first letters capitalized and should be written in bold characters, Times New Roman 12 point size.
  • 1 line space should be left between the paragraphs and no indentation should be made.
  • Paragraflar arasında bir satır boşluk verilmeli, paragraf başlarında girinti yapılmamalıdır.
  • Tables and Figures: Tables and figures should be centered. Tables should have numbers and captions. In tables vertical lines should not be used. Horizontal lines should be used only to separate the subtitles within the table. The table number should be written at the top, the caption should be written in bold and the first letter of each word in the caption should be capitalized. Tables should be placed where they are most appropriate in the text. The numbers and captions of the figures should be centered right below the figures. The figure numbers should be written in bold and the first letter of each word should be capitalized. References for tables and figures should be written below the table/figure as the surname of the aothor and year of publication.